Land Measurement Units in India

When applying for a loan against property, or while buying or selling a property, you as a borrower must have full knowledge about your property, like its total area, and measurement, and not trust the builder for the same. The property documents should have all details about it, like its measurement in the units commonly used. These measuring units vary from state to state in our country. Thus, converting the land measurement to the desired unit when required in a quick and error-free way can be done by an area converter calculator.

Definition of Area Converter

The online measurement conversion tool, also known as the land area converter, is a simple and easy-to-use tool. It plays an important role in providing accurate measurements during loan against property and other decisions. The area converter converts the property area measurement into desired units. It is a free, user-friendly tool where you just need to provide the area you want to convert, and then select the unit to which you wish to convert it. Get your answer instantly!


Common Land Conversion Units in India

In a huge country like India, different land measurement units are used in different parts of the count. If you want to convert a given land measurement to a local unit, you can do so by using an area converter calculator. Some commonly used land measurement units in India are:


Square Feet

Square feet or referred to as Sq.ft./ft², is the area of a square piece of land whose each side measures 1 foot. India and many other countries use this unit of measurement for plots of land.


Square Meter

It is the standard international unit of measuring an area of a floor or ground and is acknowledged worldwide. It is often written as m².


Square Yards

Also represented as yd² represents the area of a square, each side of which measures 3 feet (1 yard). It is still used in some parts of the world, like in India, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada.



Hectare or “ha” is defined as a unit of measurement of a square with each side measuring 100 meters. It is used to measure huge geographical areas, land, agricultural fields, forests, etc.



Being one of the oldest units of measurement in the world it is denoted by ‘ac’. This measuring unit is used to measure lands of different shapes like a circular, rectangular, pentagon, and so on.



Bigha is India’s oldest and most traditional unit of land measurement and is used particularly in states like West Bengal, Bihar, Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, and Jharkhand. However, the value of Bigha differs from one state to another.

Land Conversion Table

Area Unit Area Conversion Factor Remarks
1 Ankanam 72 sqft 1 Acre = 605 Ankanams. Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka use this unit
1 Acre 4840 sqyd Standard Unit to measure land, used in India and internationally.
1 Are 100 sqmtr 1 hectare = 100 ares.
1 Bigha – Assam/ Bengal 1600 sqyd Used in Assam and Bengal.
1 Bigha Pucca (Bihar/ UP-I/ Rajasthan-I/ Punjab-I/ Haryana-I) 3025 sqyd It is measured by Shahjahani Jarib of length 165 ft. Thus 1 Pucca Bigha = 165 ft X 165ft. Bihar and parts of UP, Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana use it.
1 Bigha (Gujarat/ Rajasthan-II) 1936 sqyd Used in Gujarat and some parts of Rajasthan. Measured by Gantari Jarib of length 132 ft. Here 1 Bigha = 132 ft X 132 ft.
1 Bigha (HP-I/ Uttarakhand-I) 968 sqyd Used in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
1 Bigha (HP-II/ Uttarakhand-II) 900 sqyd Used in parts of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
1 Bigha (MP) 1333.33 sqyd Used in parts of Madhya Pradesh.
1 Bigha- Kachha (Punjab-II/ Haryana-II/ UP-II) 1008.33 sqyd Kachha Bigha = 1/3 of Pucca Bigha. Punjab, Haryana & U.P. uses this measure.
1 Biswa- Pucca (UP-I/ Rajasthan-I/ Punjab-I/ Haryana-I) 151.25 sqyd 1/20 Bigha (Pucca)
1 Biswa in Rajasthan II 96.8 sqyd 1/20 Bigha (Rajasthan-II)
1 Biswa HP-I/ Uttarakhand-I 48.4 sqyd 1/20 of Bigha (HP-I/ UK-I)
1 Biswa HP-II/ Uttarakhand-II 45 sqyd 1/20 of Bigha (HP-II/ UK-II)
1 Biswa (Kaccha) Punjab-II/ Haryana-II/ UP-II 50.417 sqyd 1/20 of Bigha (Kaccha).
1 Biswansi 1/20 Biswa 1 Biswa = 20 Biswansis. It is used in UP, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand with each state having a different value for Biswansi
1 Centiare 1 sqmtr 1 Are = 100 Centiares.
1 Cent 435.6 sqft 1 Acre = 100 cents. The unit is used in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.
1 Chatak 180 sqft This unit is used in West Bengal. 1 Katha used in Bengal = 16 chataks.
1 Decimal 48.4 sqyd 1 Acre = 100 Decimals. It is a unit used in W. Bengal.
1 Dhur (Bihar/ Jharkhand) 68.0625 sqft 1 Kattha in Bihar has 20 Dhurs.
1 Dhur (Tripura) 3.6 sqft 20 Dhurs in Tripura = 1 Kranta.
1 Ghumaon 4840 sqyd An Acre or Ghumaon is the unit used in some parts of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab.
1 Ground 2400 sqft Tamil Nadu uses this unit
1 Guntha 1089 sqft A unit used in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka & Maharashtra where 33ft X 33 ft. 40 Gunthas = 1 Acre.
1 Hectare 10000 sqmtr 1 hectare = 100 ares or 10,000 sqm or 2.47 acres approximately.
1 Kanal 5445 sqft 8 kanals = 1 acre. This measure is used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
1 Kattha (Assam) 2880 sqft 1 Bigha in Assam is 5 Kathas
1 Kattha (Bengal) 720 sqft 1 Bigha in Bengal has 20 Kathas.
1 Kattha (Bihar) 1361.25 sqft In Bihar 1 Bigha = 20 Kathas.
1 Kattha (MP) 600 sqft 1 Bigha in MP has 20 Kathas.
1 Killa 4840 sqyd An Acre or Killa is used in parts of Haryana and Punjab.
1 Kranta 72 sqft 1 Acre = 605 Krantas. The unit used in Tripura.
1 Kuncham 484 sqyd 1 Kuncham = 10 cents. Andhra Pradesh uses this measure
1 Lecha 144 sqft 20 Lechas = 1 Kattha in Assam
1 Marla 272.25 sqft  20 marlas = 1 kanal. It is used in Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir.
1 Murabba 25acres 1 Murabba =  25 acres Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh use this
1 Nalli 240sq yd 1 Nalli is 240 sq yd used in Uttarakhand.
1 Perch 272.25 sqft 1 Square Perch = square rod, 30.25 sq yds or 1/160th acre.
1 Rood 10890 sqft 1 Rood = 1/4 of an acre. 40 square perches =  1 Rood.
1 Sarsahi (Square Karam) 30.25 sqft 1 Marla = 9 Sarsahis. Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh use this
1 Shatak 435.6 sqft 1  acre = 100 Shataks.
1 Square Centimeter 0.00107639 sqft 1 Square Metre = 10000 Square Centimetres.
1 Square Foot 144 sq in 1 foot is 12 inches.
1 Square Inch 0.0069444 sqft 1 foot is 12 inches.
1 Square Kilometer 247.1 acres 1 Sqkm is 0.3861 Sq Miles, 100 Hectares, 247.1 Acres or 1000000 Sqmtr.
1 Square Meter 10.76391042 sqft Standard International Unit land area measurement
1 Square Mile 640 acres It is 2.59 Sqkm, 259 Hectares or 640 Acres.
1 Square Yard 9sqft. Also known as “Gaj” in India


Summing Up

The area converter not only makes calculations easy but removes the chances of errors in land measurement calculations. So, next time for an error-free quick conversion, remember to use the area converter tool.


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