An antibiotic is a type of antimicrobial substance active against bacteria. It is the most important type of antibacterial agent for fighting bacterial infections, and antibiotic medications are widely used in the treatment and prevention of such infections. They may either kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria.
What do antibiotics kill?
Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing. The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.
Certain plant extracts, essential oils, and even foods have antibiotic properties. For example, some food and vegetable extracts can prevent the growth of bacteria in food.
Sometimes, these properties extend beyond the food and can aid in your personal hygiene.
Where as, Herbs are antibiotics too.
Sources of Natural Antibiotics:
There are many plants and vegetables that provides the simplest and biggest way to get a natural antibiotic. Here are the list of some those useful and regular vegetables that are easily available at your home or if you don’t have these ones in your house you can easily get it through near by groceries stores.
- Oregano oil
- Raw honey
- Apple cider vinegar
- Echinacea (Herb)
- Horseradish root
- Colloidal silver
Curcumin, found in the spice turmeric, has antimicrobial properties. Curcumin, the compound that gives turmeric spice its characteristic bright yellow hue, has well-known antimicrobial properties.
Researchers have now put curcumin to work to create a food-safe antibacterial surface.
Curcumin, the major constituent of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae family) or turmeric, commonly used for cooking in Asian cuisine, is known to possess a broad range of pharmacological properties at relatively nontoxic doses.
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Curcumin is found to be effective against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).
The role of natural bioactive substances in treating infections has been rediscovered as bacterial resistance become common to most of the antibiotics. Curcumin is a bioactive substance from turmeric. Owing to antimicrobial properties, its prospect as an antibacterial agent is currently under focus.
Ginger. The scientific community also recognizes ginger as a natural antibiotic. Several studies, including one published in 2017, have demonstrated ginger’s ability to fight many strains of bacteria.
Researchers are also exploring ginger’s power to combat seasickness and nausea and to lower blood sugar levels.
Ginger rhizome contains several constituents which have antibacterial and anti fungal effects.
3. Oregano oil:
Oregano oil is one of the most powerful antibacterial essential oils because it contains carvacrol and thymol, two antibacterial and antifungal compounds. In fact, research shows oregano oil is effective against many clinical strains of bacteria, including Escherichia coli . Some studies have shown that yes, oregano oil can kill good bacteria if too much is used. This herbal oil is derived from the flowers and leaves of wild oregano plant. You can also consume oregano oil in the form of gel capsules in your daily deit.
Onions—a food often thrown into soups, stews and stir fries—contain powerful flavonoids that have antibiotic effects, and, like garlic, they contain therapeutic sulfur compounds called cysteine sulphoxides. … Sauté sliced or chopped onions with coconut oil and mix them with raw garlic to help inhibit pathogens.
Onions do not provide a good environment
for bacteria or viruses to multiply or live. Even if an onion could draw or extract germs from someone (which is scientifically impossible), there’s nothing special about an onion that would kill these pathogens.
5. Raw honey:
Since the time of Aristotle, honey has been used as an ointment that helps wounds to heal and prevents or draws out infection.
Research has shown that raw honey can kill unwanted bacteria and fungus. It naturally contains hydrogen peroxide, an antiseptic. Its effectiveness as an antibacterial or antifungal varies depending on the honey, but it’s clearly more than a folk remedy for these kinds of infections.
Honey exhibits a broad-spectrum of antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive bacteria and Gram-negative bacteria, including antibiotic-resistant.
Cultures across the world have long recognized garlic for its preventive and curative powers.
Numerous modern studies confirm that garlic has definite antibiotic properties and is effective against a wide spectrum of bacteria, fungi and viruses (9, 10). In addition, the antimicrobial activities of garlic are linked to the presence of some bioactive compounds.
Garlic has long been thought to have antimicrobial properties. Garlic concentrate is effective against bacteria. You can purchase garlic concentrate or extract at your local health food store. You may also be able to make your own by soaking a few garlic cloves in olive oil.
7. Apple cider vinegar:
Apple cider vinegar may also have antibacterial properties. One test tube study found that apple cider vinegar was effective at killing Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, which is the bacteria responsible for staph infections.
Vinegar can kill microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses and treat yeast infections. Due to its antimicrobial properties, vinegar has been used for the treatment of ear infections, warts, and nail fungus. It has also been used to treat certain skin infections and burns.
8. Echinacea (Herb):
Archaeologists have found evidence that Native Americans may have used echinacea for more than 400 years to treat infections and wounds, and as a general “cure-all.” Throughout history people have used echinacea to treat scarlet fever, syphilis, malaria, blood poisoning, and diphtheria.
Echinacea is best known for its beneficial effects on the immune system. Numerous studies have found that this plant may help your immune system combat infections and viruses, which could help you recover faster from illness
9. Horseradish root:
Allyl isothiocyanate, the oil released when horseradish root is cut, may have powerful antibacterial properties. Studies suggest that it may fight a range of dangerous bacteria, including E. coli, H. pylori, and Salmonella .
When treating certain conditions, horseradish is just as effective as chemically-synthesized antibiotics and it can sometimes even be superior to over-the-counter drugs.
Horseradish root is naturally rich in antioxidants, which can help protect your body from cellular damage by attaching themselves to free radicals. Early studies also suggest that horseradish may prevent the growth of colon, lung, and stomach cancer cells, though more research in humans needs to be done.
10. Colloidal silver:
Colloidal silver is said to have broad antibacterial and antiseptic effects when taken orally or placed on a wound. It’s unknown exactly how colloidal silver works. However, research suggests that it attaches to proteins on the cell walls of bacteria, damaging their cell membranes.
Silver is a well-documented antimicrobial, that has been shown to kill bacteria, fungi and certain viruses. It is the positively charged silver ions (Ag+) that possess the antimicrobial effect21, 22. Silver ions target microorganisms through several different modes of action.
This study showed that Habanero chili sauce products contain some counts of microorganisms, but it has very good antibacterial activity against pathogenic bacteria too. It is very needed to know differences between bacteria which can and not resist of capsaicin disruption activity to microbes membranes. Black pepper has exhibited excellent antimicrobial activity to the both bacteria. Piperine, terpenes and flavones are the main chemicals in black pepper.