People consume wine all over the globe and they come in a variety of types such as red, white, and sparkling wines. It wouldn’t be a surprise to know that there is an assortment when it comes to wine glasses as well so don’t be astonished when you find yourself sipping from some finely made marble wine glasses. Here is a quick look at some of the most popular types of wine glasses you will find people using today.
Red Wine Glasses
Red wine is made from dark-coloured grape varieties and their colour can range from intense violet for young wines and brick red for mature wines. However, older red wines show a more brownish hue. Since this is a broad category of different wines, there a specific types of wine glasses dedicated to them such as:
- Bordeaux – also good for a Cabernet or Merlot, it is the tallest with a broad base and medium to large stem while holding a large bowl that closes/tapers at the opening. The height of the glass enables ethanol to dissipate on the nose allowing more oxygen to soften tannins that contribute to the wine’s bitterness. This glass maximizes the flavour spectrum and directs wine to the back of the mouth.
- Burgundy – also good for Pinot Noir, it is the widest and shortest of the most commonly used red wine glasses. The style and construct of this glass help collect the bolder aromas and directs the intense flavours to the correct part of your tongue. The larger surface area is quite apparent which allows for a more significant amount of oxygen to contact the wine. Plus, the thin rim makes it easier to drink from this glass.
- Rose – these glasses have a long stem that ensures that the heat from your hand does not affect the wine. Rose glasses come in two main sub-kinds. There are ones with a shorter bowl and flared lip and the other kind that has a short bowl and short taper. Both of them are fine, however, some recommend the flared lip more. More mature rose wines are meant to be served in the kind that has a short taper.
White Wine Glasses
This is another broad category of wine and it is fermented without skin contact. The colours can range from straw yellow, yellow-green, to yellow-gold. White wine is produced by the alcoholic fermentation of the non-coloured pulp of grapes which may have a skin of any colour. Here are some typical white wine glasses:
- Chardonnay – designed as the complete opposite of Sauvignon glasses, they have a large bowl that is similar to that of Burgundy but slightly smaller and features a much shorter stem. The large bowl allows for a big surface to be created, ideal for full-bodied white wines. The bowl provides just enough aeration to concentrate the aroma while the larger opening balances out the sweetness and acidity on the palate.
- Sauvignon Blanc – is also good for Riesling, it has a mid to long stem and narrow bowl that tappers in slightly. The bowl is usually thinner and has less capacity than red wine glasses. The smaller bowl makes it easier to detect the concentration of aromas in the wine whilst minimizing the amount of oxygen in the glass. This glass causes the tongue to form a U-shape, directing the wine down the front towards the center of the plate, causing a smoother sip.
- Vintage – these glasses infuse more oxygen into your wine of choice, although the shape doesn’t necessarily enhance or improve the flavour profile, they are still elegant to look at. The main concern here is that the bowl is so wide that it allows the wine to have a lot of contact with the air. Even though they may look great for occasions, the wide bowl can be tricky to balance and there is always a chance to spill your wine over.
Universal Wine Glasses
There are however wine glasses available that are all-rounders. So if you are looking to save space in your wine glass cabinet, they can be an excellent choice allowing you to forgo the need for keeping all the varying types and shapes. These glasses can be ideal for those who like both red and white wines equally and wouldn’t mind tippling them when a friend or colleague visits them.
It should be clear by now that the function of any wine glass is substantially based on three basic parts, namely the base, stem, and bowl. However, today we also find wine glasses that are stemless. The shape of the wine glass permits for the aroma to be collected in the space as well as swirl the wine round in the glass. This can further enable the release of aromas and allow you to smell the wine. However stemless glasses just let the wine sit flatly on the table.