Kidneys are very important organs in the human body, responsible for filtering out waste materials from the body. Several diseases could affect this vital organ. Read on to know the different types of kidney diseases and treatment options.
Types of Kidney Diseases
- Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections are infections caused by bacteria in the urinary system of a person. Mostly, the infection will happen in the urethra or bladder. It can be easily treated, but if it is not treated, then it can extend to the kidney and later cause its failure.
- Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease is a type of genetic disorder where a patient can develop a lot of cysts inside the kidney. The kidney begins to increase in size and does not function properly after some time.
The Glomeruli is a very small blood vessel present in the kidney and is responsible for blood purification. When there is an inflammation in the glomeruli, it is called Glomerulonephritis, which can be caused by congenital abnormalities, drugs, and infections.
- Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals, acid salts, and other substances in the blood, which stick together and get crystallized in the kidney.
- Chronic Kidney Disease
One of the most common kidney diseases is chronic kidney disease, which does not improve for a long time. When the blood pressure in the kidney is high, the tiny blood vessels in the kidney called glomeruli get destroyed. Glomeruli help in cleaning the blood inside the kidney. As time passes, kidneys will not be able to function properly.
Treatment Options for Kidney Diseases
The diseased kidney is treated by identifying the main cause of the disease such as cholesterol level, blood sugar, or blood pressure. Following are the types of kidney treatment in Mumbai:
Medication & Drugs
The doctor may prescribe medicines to control the blood pressure in the body. A few examples of such medicines are:
- Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) – Olmesartan or Irbesartan
- Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) – Ramipril or Lisinopril
- Simvastatin – To Control Cholesterol
- Insulin Injection to Control Blood Sugar
- Medicine For Treatment of Anemia
- Medicine For Relief from Swelling
Change in Lifestyle
- Lose Weight
- More Physical Activities such as Walking, Exercise, or Yoga
- Stop Cigarette Smoking
Change in Diet & Food
- Drink Alcohol Moderately
- Eat Low-Fat Dairy Products
- Eat More Vegetables & Fruits
- Increase Diet Healthy for Heart
- Eat Whole Grains
- Reduce Salt Intake
- Limit High Cholesterol Food such as Beef, Chicken, Mutton, etc
Mostly, kidney diseases are caused due to poor lifestyles and diets. It is important to be conscious of the food intake and be physically active.
Also Read more about Blood Clot in Brain Treatment to get precautions to lead a healthier life.
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